Section 8 is a U.S. government housing program managed by HUD that allows for the payment of rental assistance subsidies to landlords across the country. Right now, more than 4.8 million households use some form of Section 8 program assistance. For projects using HUD 221(d)(4) financing, having Section 8 rental assistance units can have a variety of financial benefits.
If you want to apply for a HUD multifamily loan, part of the HUD 221(d)(4) process involves making sure you have enough money saved in escrow-- i.e., in a third-party account, to cover a variety of expenses.
One of the parts of the HUD loan application and approval process is getting a HUD seismic assessment, which is needed if your HUD 221(d)(4) project is located in seismic zones 3 or 4. Seismic zones 3 and 4 (based on 1997 UBC seismic zone maps) are generally located in areas including all of California, large amounts of Alaska and Hawaii, some Oregon, Washington, and Nevada, and a small amount of Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, and Arkansas.
Loan-to-value ratio (or LTV) is an assessment of risk that lenders use to determine the viability of a loan. Loans with higher LTVs are considered riskier, and therefore often have higher interest rates. Lenders believe that borrowers who have loans with higher LTVs have a greater likelihood of defaulting on their mortgages because of the lack of equity within the property. However, a higher LTV allowance means that investors and developers can get a sizable loan with less cash down.
The Federal Housing Administration (FHA), founded in 1934, is a U.S. government agency under the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The main purpose of the FHA is to insure residential real estate loans. While many of the FHA's loans focus on individual homebuyers, the FHA also provides loans for multifamily builders and developers, including it's popular HUD 221(d)(4) loan program.
When looking at traditional, single-family residential loans, loan-to-value ratio (LTV) is often one of the most important factors to examine. However, when we look at HUD multifamily construction loans, like the HUD 221(d)(4) loan, and other similar types of financing, loan-to-cost ratio (LTC) also becomes an important factor.
If you're considering getting an FHA multifamily construction loan to build an age-restricted or senior community, it's important to understand what this type of loan does and does not allow. First, let's define "senior community"-- in the eyes of FHA/HUD, that means any community for individuals 62 years and older.
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, otherwise known as HUD, is a U.S. government agency intended to make it easier for Americans to find housing at an affordable rate. Founded in 1965, the agency incorporated the Federal Housing Administration (founded in 1934) as one of it's sub-agencies.
The Government National Mortgage Association, otherwise known as Ginnie Mae, issues mortgage-backed securities, which are "backed by the full credit and faith of the U.S. government." These are based on FHA loans, which include HUD/FHA 221(d)(4) loans, as well as loans issued by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
If you're a builder or developer interested in taking out a FHA/HUD 221(d)(4) loan to construct or rehabilitate a multifamily development, understanding what interest rate you might be paying is essential to your financial decision making process. After the preliminary underwriting on your loan is complete, a 30 to 180 day rate lock is available. However, it's subject to a 1% rate lock deposit payable which is refunded at closing.
One of the major benefits of a HUD/FHA 221(d)(4) loans is the fact that they have incredibly competitive interest rates. But are these interest rates fixed or variable? Let's take a look.